Local and regional restructuring and the impacts on industrial development and attractiveness
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From time to time local and regional communities experience major changes in their situation which create needs for help that cannot be satisfied over the ordinary local and regional public sector budgets. For these situations Norway has a national restructuring program with the purpose to give extraordinary help to these local and regional communities, and to support them in their process of restructuring the local and regional industry. The counties now have the administrative responsibility for the program and Innovation Norway as a development agency is the operator of the program in close collaboration with the counties and the municipalities. In this paper I want to discern how the regional and local communities which have taken part or are now taking part in the restructuring program, are able to compete with other regions and communities. In addition I will study some cases and discuss to what extent part taking in the restructuring program have improved the communities’ basis for industrial development and attractiveness compared with the region they are part of. I shall use the indexes made by Telemarks‐forskning for the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise. The indexes are set up each year for all of the 430 municipalities in the country and for 83 functional defined regions. This paper was presented at the 24th AESOP Annual Conference, Finland, 7–10 July 2010.