Making sense of grammatical variation in Norwegian
Chapter, Peer reviewed
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Original versionReorganising Grammatical Variation: Diachronic studies in the retention, redistribution and refunctionalisation of linguistic variants. 2018, 209-230 https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.203.08sam
This study examines two examples of grammatical variation in Norwegian inflection, strong versus weak verb conjugation and affixal versus periphrastic adjective comparison. The main claim is that the choice of variants is not as arbitrary as one may think, which rather indicates a division of labour. The strong verb inflection tends to be motivated not only by phonology, but also by semantics. The affixal and periphrastic adjective comparisons tend to be used with different sets of adjectives and for different semantic purposes. These observations support the Principle of Contrast, the idea that a difference in form normally relates to a difference in meaning.